The Antminer S19 Pro is one of the most powerful Bitcoin ASIC miners available today. Produced by Bitmain, it packs an impressive 110 TH/s hashrate while only consuming 3250W of power. This makes it extremely efficient, with an impressive 34.5W per TH power efficiency.
The S19 Pro utilizes Bitmain's latest generation 7nm chips, with a dual tube heat dissipation design to keep the chips running cool. It can operate in temperatures between 0°C and 40°C, with noise levels under 75dB. The sturdy aluminum casing measures 350 x 195 x 318mm, and each unit weighs around 15kg.
Key features of the S19 Pro include:
- 110 TH/s hashrate (+/- 5%)
- 34.5W per TH power efficiency
- Dual tube heat dissipation technology
- Next generation 7nm ASIC chips
- 750W + 2500W dual power supply design
- Operating temperatures of 0°C to 40°C
With proper setup and maintenance, the S19 Pro provides outstanding Bitcoin mining capabilities while consuming less power than many previous generation miners. This guide covers the full checklist for optimally configuring your S19 Pro.
Choosing a Location
Carefully selecting the location for operating your S19 Pro is crucial to maintaining optimal performance. Here are some key factors to consider:
- Room temperature - The ambient room temperature should be between 0°C and 40°C to prevent overheating issues. Cooler temperatures within this range are preferable.
- Ventilation - With the S19 Pro producing a lot of heat, an open space with ample airflow is ideal. Avoid small, enclosed spaces.
- Noise - The S19 Pro generates less than 75dB of noise. Select a location where this level will not disturb other activities.
- Layout - Ensure the outlet placement allows neat cable routing. Allow open space around the front/rear for ample air intake and exhaust.
- Access - Choose an easily accessible area to allow for maintenance and upgrades. This also aids troubleshooting.
- Security - Locate your miner in a safe place to prevent theft and tampering. Restrict access if possible.
Setting Up the Hardware
Once you've chosen an appropriate location, it's time to set up the physical hardware:
- Unpack the miner and remove any protective materials, inspecting for damage. Report defects immediately.
- Connect the hashboard cables and controllers carefully, ensuring a snug fit. Double check the connections.
- Install the latest firmware from Bitmain using the SD card slot or online update feature. Keep firmware updated.
- Configure mining pool credentials and network/power settings using the control panel. Test functionality.
- Secure the S19 Pro if mounting in an open space. Bolt to the floor or wall if needed.
Take it slow and be methodical when first installing your S19 Pro. Proper hardware setup is the foundation for peak performance.
Connecting to a Power Source
The S19 Pro requires a lot of power, so a suitable power supply is vital. Here are some tips:
- It uses 750W for the control board and 2500W for the hashboards. Quality PSUs designed for Bitcoin rigs are recommended.
- Use 220V/240V electrical circuits for maximum efficiency. The S19 Pro pulls over 3000W, so 110V household circuits may overload.
- Choose dedicated circuits with sufficient amperage to prevent tripping breakers. 30A+ circuits are ideal.
- Use the correct gauge wiring for your power demands. Thicker wire is better for minimizing voltage drop.
- Employ good cable management with ties, sleeves and trays to avoid tangles and loose connections.
- Connect multiple PSUs to powerboards or breakout boards to simplify cabling.
- Ensure proper grounding and safe operation of your electrical systems. Consult an electrician if unsure.
Configuring the Network
The S19 Pro can utilize Ethernet or WiFi for connecting to the internet. Here are some tips:
- Ethernet is most reliable, with low latency and no interference. Use Cat5e/Cat6 cables for 1GbE links.
- WiFi works but may have lower stability. Position antennas optimally and use 5GHz networks if possible.
- Port forwarding is recommended so mining pool traffic can easily access your miner. Forward port 3333.
- Use a static IP address if possible for consistency versus relying on DHCP.
- For remote locations, 4G/5G routers can provide internet via cellular networks.
- Perform speed tests to ensure your miner's link has adequate bandwidth with low latency.
- Enable any relevant firewall or antivirus exceptions for mining software and pools.
Joining a Bitcoin Mining Pool
For the best chance of earning regular mining rewards, join a popular Bitcoin mining pool:
- Research reputable pools like AntPool, Slush Pool and F2Pool. Evaluate fees, min payouts, supported coins, etc.
- Create a unique worker name for each miner in your account to track hashrate contributions.
- Enter your worker credentials when configuring the S19 Pro mining software.
- Start with PPLNS payment models while evaluating pools. PPS has lower variance but higher fees.
- Consider joining smaller pools to help decentralize Bitcoin's hashrate distribution.
- For advanced miners, research PPS+, SOLO and FPPS options to maximize profits.
- Distribute your total hashpower across multiple pools to minimize risk from problems or hacking.
Monitoring and Optimizing Performance
Tracking key performance metrics helps optimize your S19 Pro:
- Monitor the hashrate across each board and chip using the diagnostics page.
- Keep temperatures around 25-35°C for optimum stability. Enable auto-shutdown if temps exceed 75°C.
- Tweak chip tuning parameters to find the optimal settings that maximize hashrate.
- Check error rates and hardware faults that indicate problems needing correction.
- Analyze pool-side hashrate versus local readings to detect issues.
- Log aggregate data over time to identify trends and performance dips.
- Use A.I. software that auto-tunes chips for peak efficiency as conditions change.
- Schedule restarts periodically to clear any memory leaks or handshake issues.
Security Best Practices
Good security is a must for protecting your investment:
- Set a strong password for the miner interface and disable telnet. Never use defaults.
- Restrict miner web access to the local network if possible, using firewall rules.
- Disable features like WiFi or Cloud Management if not needed. Reduce the attack surface area.
- Encrypt and backup the wallet containing your mining proceeds. Enable 2FA if possible.
- Firewall your entire mining farm for additional protection and botnet avoidance.
- Use security monitoring software to detect suspicious network traffic or abnormal spikes in hashrate.
- Update software regularly and check security bulletin announcements to apply critical patches promptly.
- Consider using a VPN service to cloak your IP address from the mining pools.
Troubleshooting Common Issues
Despite the best preparations, problems can arise:
- If status LEDs display warnings, check the miner’s diagnostics readout and logs for specifics.
- Connection issues are common. Check cabling, firewall rules, pool credentials and internet connectivity.
- Reboot the miner if hashrate drops, chips start failing or the interface is unresponsive.
- Update firmware if trouble persists after rebooting. New releases often address bugs and problems.
- Detect and resolve any network congestion that may be slowing or disconnecting the miner.
- Clean the fans and heatsinks regularly to prevent temperature spikes and instability at high loads.
- For continued problems, contact Bitmain tech support and provide your miner logs. RMA the unit only if necessary.
Upgrading and Repairing
Upgrades and repairs can enhance performance and fix problems:
- Consider adding more hashboards to scale up processing power as needed.
- Replace the standard fans with high RPM server-grade fans for increased airflow.
- Use thermal paste and voltage tuning to maximize the overclocking potential.
- If boards fail, careful soldering can replace damaged chips and components.
- See if warranty or extended mining contracts cover repair costs before paying out of pocket.
- Buy tools like multimeters and thermal cameras for advanced electrical diagnostics and repair.
- Keep spare control boards, hashboards, PSUs and network cards on hand for quick swaps and reboots.
Mining Other Cryptocurrencies
The S19 Pro can mine coins beyond just Bitcoin:
- Coins using SHA-256 proof of work like Bitcoin Cash and Peercoin are directly compatible.
- Litecoin, Dogecoin and Dash mining is possible by swapping mining software and joining alternative pools.
- For Ethereum or coins using Ethash, the S19 Pro is not suitable. An Ethereum ASIC is required.
- Mining profitability depends on coin price, network difficulty, pool fees and the S19 Pro's efficiency profile for that algorithm.
- Try mining newer coins while their difficulty is still low to maximize your hashrate advantage. Their value may increase over time.
- Dual mine compatible coins simultaneously to increase profits during periods of low Bitcoin prices and high fees.
Maximizing Efficiency and Profits
With the high cost of the S19 Pro, maximizing profits is crucial:
- Locate your mining farm where electricity cost is lowest, with rates under 5 cents per kWh if possible.
- Target an efficient power usage of under 45W per TH to maximize returns on your energy spend.
- Monitor Bitcoin's USD exchange rate closely, and consider trading for Tether or DAI during price swings to hedge risk.
- Maintain optimal chip tuning to maximize hashrate relative to electricity usage. Aggressive overclocking often reduces efficiency.
- Install power metering to attribute electricity costs across miners. Identify underperforming units.
- Upgrade to faster miners as their efficiency improves over time to remain competitive.
- Consider allowing remote management and colocation to leverage cheaper operational costs versus in-house mining.
Record Keeping and Taxes
Maintaining accurate records is key during tax season:
- Track mining proceeds along with expenses like hardware purchases and electricity.
- If selling mined coins, calculate tax liability based on cost basis and length of time held.
- Deduct expenses related to mining as business costs, plus equipment depreciation over time.
- Declare mining activity and profits on your taxes. Seek professional advice as needed.
- Keep organized records to calculate and demonstrate profit/loss from your mining endeavors.
- If mining is a sizable business, you may need official filings, licenses and insurance. Consult professionals for guidance.
Is Mining Still Profitable?
Profitability depends on many factors:
- Bitcoin mining difficulty continues rising, requiring faster miners for the same rewards.
- Hardware efficiency gains are slowing as Moore's law tapers off, reducing profit over time.
- However, mining revenue combined with Bitcoin price appreciation can still pay off handsomely.
- Make detailed ROI projections accounting for all expenses before investing in mining. Be conservative.
- As a rule of thumb, if the S19 Pro's 200-day ROI seems questionable, investing in Bitcoin may be smarter currently.
- Keep accumulating Bitcoin if mining looks borderline. Future bull runs will likely improve your situation.
Mining carries some physical risks:
- The S19 Pro pulls a lot of power. Ensure your electrical system can safely handle the load according to electrical code.
- Use caution when working with exposed circuits. Shut off PSUs when servicing boards.
- Elevated operating temperature accelerates component aging. Monitor thermals and replace parts proactively.
- Use proper fireproof surfaces and enclosures. Have extinguishers nearby. Don't leave miners unattended.
- Minimize dust buildup and debris around miners. Keep fuels or flammable materials away from farm.
- Wear ESD strap when handling boards to avoid static discharge damaging delicate electronics.
- Ensure racks and rigs are structurally stable and hardware is properly fastened.
Follow regulations governing mining:
- Mining may require business licenses and commercial utility accounts depending on scale of operation.
- Building modifications for electrical and cooling needs often need permitting and inspection.
-sound/noise and fire ordinances may impose operational limits.
-inte property restrictions regarding running a business or high electrical loads.
- Local laws may regulate cryptocurrency, requiring registration or special licenses.
- Comply with any relevant taxation, auditing and reporting requirements.
- Failing to follow applicable rules could result in steep fines or confiscation of equipment. Consult a lawyer.
Connect with other miners for news and support:
- BitcoinTalk - The largest crypto forum with dedicated mining subforums.
- Reddit - /r/BitcoinMining and /r/ASIC and more offer discussions.
- Discord - Various groups like MyRigSpace exist for live chat and troubleshooting.
- Telegram - Channels like Asic Miner Zone to follow along latest news.
- Bitcointalk - Many miners blog and share experiences about their setups and optimizations.
- YouTube - Useful tutorials and guides about setting up and tweaking miners.
- Mining Meetups - Meet fellow miners in your city to swap tips and ask questions.
- Mining Zones like Coinmint and Compass offer colocation services with mining experts on staff.
Frequently Asked Questions
Here are some common questions about the Antminer S19 Pro:
Q: How loud is the S19 Pro?
A: Noise levels are around 75dB, similar to a vacuum cleaner, so a noise-dampening enclosure is recommended.
Q: Does it come fully assembled?
A: Yes, the S19 Pro ships pre-configured in one box. Just plug in the hashboards, power, internet and go.
Q: What is the warranty period?
A: Bitmain provides a 6 month warranty against defects. Many resellers offer 1-2 years extended warranties for purchase.
Q: What is the expected lifetime?
A: The S19 Pro should mine profitably for 3-5 years if maintained properly before needing replacement.
Q: Is a full bitcoin node required?
A: No, the S19 Pro can mine via pools without running a full node locally. But running your own node does help decentralize the network.
Q: Can it mine Bitcoin Cash or other coins?
A: Yes, it can dual mine or switch between SHA-256 coins like BTC/BCH by configuring the mining software appropriately.
Glossary of Key Terms
- ASIC - Application Specific Integrated Circuit, used for mining instead of GPUs.
- Hashrate - Number of mining calculations performed per second. 110 TH/s for S19 Pro.
- Difficulty - Measure of how hard it is to find a new block. Constantly adjusts to global network hashrate.
- Pool - Groups miners together to smooth reward payouts. Splits rewards based on hashrate share.
- PPS - Payment for every valid share submitted immediately. Lower variance.
- PPLNS - Pay Per Last N Shares. Rewards distributed proportionally when block found.
- ROI - Return On Investment time. Breakeven period before profits are generated.
- Halving - When mining reward per block halves. Occurs every 210,000 blocks.
With a detailed mining checklist, optimal setup of the powerful Antminer S19 Pro, and diligent maintenance, your mining operation will run efficiently with maximum uptime. Monitor markets closely to take advantage of cyclical opportunities. As mining becomes more competitive, stay on the cutting edge with the latest hardware to maximize your Bitcoin profits.